In technical words, a motherboard is the primary circuit board that is coupled to every PC. It is essentially a multipurpose machine with an enormous number of varieties that may switch to different associated jobs. Because of the core CPU, the chipset’s input/output and memory controllers, interface connections, and other components integrated for general usage, the motherboard does a lot of work.
Installing an internal hard drive is one of the simplest upgrades available, and it is frequently a better alternative than installing external drives, which can be lost or misplaced. Mounting it, attaching a few connections, and formatting the drive for operation is generally all that is required.
However, there are a few things you should be aware of to ensure a successful installation.
Let us teach you how to install a hard drive in a few simple steps. With this step-by-step instruction, you can learn how to install a hard drive now.
We’ll be installing a hard disk drive (HDD) in this article. A desktop hard disc drive should be installed in a 3.5″ drive bay in your computer chassis. Insert the hard drive into an empty bay, SATA connections facing out. Align the screw holes on the hard drive with the bay holes, then attach the hard drive within the bay using screws or tool-less fasteners.
Drive Bays and Mounting Options:
Internal 3.5-inch hard disc drives are often installed in a drive cage or a drive bay. The placement and orientation of the cages or bays will vary depending on the situation. The most typical position is near the intake fans and away from other components in the lower front. Drive cages/bays are often installed perpendicular to the bottom of the chassis, whereas drives mounted in cages are typically parallel to the bottom of the case.
Some higher-end cases also allow users to remove drive cages or install them in various places to improve airflow and easy cable management.
The most difficult component of the installation process is probably physically putting the hard disc in a PC.
Typically, four screws on the sides or bottom of the drive are required to secure it to a cage. Many cases make use of tool-free trays that keep the drives in place with simple pins and clips.
Screws are the more durable mounting option, although tool-free trays are adequate for systems that will not be moved frequently.
Drives last longer when they are kept cold. When installing drives in a system, attempt to allow as much space as possible between them to enhance airflow across the tops and bottoms. It also helps to place the drives immediately in front of an intake fan.
Connecting the Hard Drives with SATA:
Connecting the drive to your system is quick and simple after it has been installed.
Unless you’re working with servers, almost all new desktop hard drives offered today utilize the SATA interface. SATA employs simple cables that are keyed to fit on the drive and motherboard connectors in only one direction.
Connect one end of the SATA cable to the drive and the other to a free SATA port on your motherboard, and you’re halfway there.
The SATA cables that come with your new disc or motherboard may have various connections: straight ends or right-angle connectors (L-shaped). Some may have metal retaining clips, although others may not. The performance of the connection is unaffected by its shape.
I prefer SATA cables with right-angle connections on the drive side, as long as there is enough space between any drives in the system. Because the connection may overlap neighboring ports, using right-angle connectors on the motherboard side will result in blocked ports.
After you’ve finished attaching the SATA cable, connect the drive to your power supply unit (PSU). The SATA power cable from your power supply, like the SATA data cable, is keyed to slot onto the drive in only one direction. There’s no way to screw it up as long as you don’t strain it.
Preparing the Hard Drive for use:
After mounting and connecting the disc, restart your system and enter the BIOS/UEFI. Typically, you may enter the BIOS/UEFI by using the DEL or F2 keys immediately after powering up the system. Typically, your system will display a notice that says something like “Press DEL to enter Setup.” The right key may be found in the handbook for your motherboard.
To see all of the drives installed in the system, navigate to the regular System Settings menu or the Integrated Peripherals > SATA option in the BIOS. The drive should be listed in the BIOS if all of your disc controllers are enabled, and the drive is properly connected.
Shut off your computer if the drive isn’t shown. Check all of the connections again, then boot into the BIOS. If the drive is still not visible and all connections are secure, try connecting the SATA data cable to a different port on the motherboard.
Open Device Manager to ensure that Windows detects the disc. Right-click the Windows button on your desktop in Windows 10 and select Device Manager. Look in the Disk Drives section for the drive.
If the disc is identified, the New Hardware Found procedure may appear when you boot into Windows after installing it. The final step is to partition and format the disc.
After that, the drive should be ready for usage. If you partitioned the disc, you should see numerous drives appear in File Explorer, each with its own drive letter and label.
If you followed all of the above steps accurately then you probably won’t have trouble installing a hard drive and connecting it to your motherboard. We hope this guide helps you connect your hard drive and makes sure it runs well on your PC.